Our Projects

COMMUNITY WATER PROJECT

  • Social Welfare

Description

The purpose of this project is to provide the Ewodi and Yabassi communities with reliable sources of water that can be effectively managed in a micro scale with great efficiency and less cost of operation, as a means of improving the health standards of the communities.

Project overview

Purpose:
The purpose of this project is to provide the Ewodi and Yabassi communities with reliable sources of water that can be effectively managed in a micro scale with great efficiency and less cost of operation, as a means of improving the health standards of the communities.
Background:
Ewodi and Yabassi are located in the Littoral Region of Cameroon, headlined by the city of Douala which serves as Cameroon’s economic capital. This city is highly urbanized and as such, much emphasis is paid to it as compared to other parts of Littoral.
This wave of urbanization has introduced competition of space, increase in population, pollution and poor sanitation. These factors affects the distribution of water. Although the water supplied goes through a treatment facility, the distribution channels are very complex and poorly maintained except in cases of heavy leakage. The complexity of the channels leads to pressure losses at bends and this affects the flow rate, therefore some parts of the channels receive very little amount of water or no water at all until after some elapsed time.
Also, minor fractures due to wedging, overburden pressure or construction damage, permits some water to escape from the pipelines and dissolve the materials around it. When this materials are dissolved some are carried into the pipelines as a result of environmental changes that creates a new pressure gradient, causing an anomaly which is not easily noticed. The introduction of this foreign substances pollutes the water and affects the quality of water consumed.
Another factor that affects the quality of water in some of these areas is the duration of water in the pipelines. A fraction of the pipes used are made of metal, while the others are made of polyvinylchloride (PVC). This implies that the temperature of water in the pipes vary and are suitable to the development and growth of some microorganisms such as bacteria and spirogyras that release toxic waste into the pipelines. Rusting of pipes equally pollutes the water supply.
METHODOLOGY
From geologic studies, the Littoral region was once a marine environment which explains the existence of the Douala-Kribi Campo sedimentary basin which hosts a huge fraction of Cameroon’s hydrocarbons. This implies that this area rests on several aquifers. The average depth of water wells in this region is less than 30 metres. It shows that the water table isn’t far from the surface. This underground water serves as a good water source not highly affected by environmental factors and human activities which pollutes rivers and streams leading to high cost of treatment.
The project will employ the use to boreholes to extract water from the aquifers and transport to treatment facilities in each community respectively.
After treatment, the water will be stored in a cylindrical concrete tank that can retain 3.14 x 106 dm3 (3,142,857 litters) of water creating pressure of 88,200 Pascal, high enough to supply all parts of each community following the distribution scheme bellow.

Maintenance and sustainability
Each facility will have trained personnel to perform daily operations. These will be supervised by a water committee created by the community to oversee the water management affairs considering that the project is self-sustainable following outline terms and conditions of water usage from the facility developed by the water committee, in conformity to the water laws of Cameroon, enforced by the Ministry of Water and Energy Resources (MINEE).
Budget
The budget for this project is Four hundred million francs CFA (400,000,000 FCFA). That is, two hundred million (200,000,000 FCFA) for each community for the construction of the water plants and operation expense for two years. After this period, the facility will be managed by funds generated by the consumers as per the modalities that will be in place by the respective water committees.

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